• Prior experiential learning should be recognised regardless of how and where it was acquired, provided that the learning is relevant to the learning or competency outcomes.
  • Assessment should be evidence based, equitable, unbiased, fair, flexible, valid and reliable.
  • Assessment should be undertaken by experts/practitioners in the subject content or skills area, policies and procedures.
  • Assessment methods should accommodate the literacy levels and experiences of students, hence providing ways for students to demonstrate the required outcomes.
  • Decision should be accountable, transparent and subject to appeal and review.
  • Information and support services should be actively promoted, easy to understand and recognise the diversity of learners.
  • Quality assurance mechanisms should be clear and transparent to ensure confidence in the decisions.


This refers to intentional learning through enrolment in a programme of study within an organised and structured context (e.g. in schools, colleges and universities) that usually leads to a formal qualification.

This is also called experiential learning. It takes place continuously through life, usually arising from work activities that are not undertaken with a learning purpose in mind. Thus, it is often unintentional learning.

This is learning that takes place alongside the mainstream systems of education and training. There may be assessment but it does not normally lead to formal certification. Seminars, workshops, apprenticeship and short courses are examples of such learning.


Direct Evidence

You can present evidence of your qualification such as:

  • school certificates
  • statement of results
  • certificate for course attended
  • digital badges/credentials

Records that can be used to verify your workplace activities include:

  • letter of appointment
  • contract
  • job sheet
  • meeting minutes
  • job appraisal

You can show samples of your work, including:

  • drawings
  • photographs
  • writings
  • audio/visual recordings
  • reports
  • designs
  • physical objects
  • product prototypes

You can provide evidence of your feats and achievements by showing your:

  • letters of commendation
  • published work
  • trophies
  • meritorious honour awards

Indirect Evidence

You can prove your competence through:

  • project documentation
  • recorded interaction (such as chat transcript and email thread)
  • recording of presentation/demonstration
  • rating scores
  • customer feedback

You can provide supporting evidence in the form of:

  • personal diary excerpts
  • logbook entries
  • training records
  • notes and sketches
  • personal correspondence

You can provide verification of your claims with:

  • Letter from your employer
  • Support letter from community leaders, public figures, your MP, etc.
  • Endorsement by well-known/important clients
  • Personal testimonials

You can provide evidence of your feats and achievements that appeared in:

  • news articles
  • audio/visual footages
  • journal citations
  • books
  • editorials/commentaries